Bangladesh National Museum, formally inaugurated on 17 November 1983, is one of the largest museums in South Asia. Dhaka Museum, formally inaugurated on 7 August 1913, was its forerunner. Bangladesh National Museum is devoted to archaeology, classical, decorative and contemporary art, history, natural history, ethnography and world civilization. Bangladesh National Museum has splendid collections which range in date from prehistory to the present time. Both in number and uniqueness, the Museum is extremely rich in stone, metal and wooden sculptures, in gold, silver and copper coins, in stone inscriptions and copperplates and in terracottas and other artifacts of archaeological interest.
The Museum has one of the largest collections of arms and armour in the Indian subcontinent. Quite fascinating are its collections of decorative art, especially of woodwork, metalwork and embroidered quilts. It has items of natural history and ethnographic interest. The Museum is noted for its collection of Shilpacharya Zainul Abedin and works of other contemporary artists. The Museum also illustrates the freedom struggle culminating in the liberation of Bangladesh.
|Name of Object:||An image of the Dhyani Buddha.|
|Materials of the Object:||Black stone.|
|Incriptions/Markings:||The image has a short inscription on the pedestal.|
|Recieved From:||Government of Bengal.|
|Short Description:||The Dhyani Budha is seated in the bhumisparsha mudra on a full-blown lotus in the adamantine pose (vajrasana). A folded urna appears on his left shoulder. The lobes of his ears almost touch the necks. The Dhyani Buddha is flanked on either side by two male figures, each holding a lotus in his left hand. The right hand of the figure on the right is in the abhaya mudra, while the figure on the left appears to be performing arati or bandana by his right hand. These are easily recognized as Maitreya on the right and Lokesvara on the left. But the attributes of their hands do not tally exactly with those prescribed in the Sadhanas in the Sadhanamala. Below the seat of the Buddha, a powerful elephant crouches on its haunches and is flanked by two frisking lions. The figure of Vajradhara appears on the proper left-bottom corner. A trefoil arch, which rests on two solid pillars surmounted by a terrace-roofed temple ending in a prominent amalaka, is depicted above the head of the Dhyani Buddha. The foliage of an asvatthva tree is depicted above the amalaka. A Krittimukha appears on the appex of the arch. The five Dhyani Buddhas, with Aksobhya in the middle, appears on the terrace of the roof of the temple. The image is almost in a perfect state of preservation. The short inscription on the pedestal in the script of the 10-11th century A. D. enhances its value as a dated piece of sculpture from Vikrampur, the seat of the Buddhist Chandra Kings.|