Bangladesh National Museum, formally inaugurated on 17 November 1983, is one of the largest museums in South Asia. Dhaka Museum, formally inaugurated on 7 August 1913, was its forerunner. Bangladesh National Museum is devoted to archaeology, classical, decorative and contemporary art, history, natural history, ethnography and world civilization. Bangladesh National Museum has splendid collections which range in date from prehistory to the present time. Both in number and uniqueness, the Museum is extremely rich in stone, metal and wooden sculptures, in gold, silver and copper coins, in stone inscriptions and copperplates and in terracottas and other artifacts of archaeological interest.
The Museum has one of the largest collections of arms and armour in the Indian subcontinent. Quite fascinating are its collections of decorative art, especially of woodwork, metalwork and embroidered quilts. It has items of natural history and ethnographic interest. The Museum is noted for its collection of Shilpacharya Zainul Abedin and works of other contemporary artists. The Museum also illustrates the freedom struggle culminating in the liberation of Bangladesh.
|Name of Object:||An image of Syama (green) Tara.|
|Materials of the Object:||Black stone.|
|Height/Length:||Sat-Wed: 121.92 cm.|
|Incriptions/Markings:||There is a short inscription in the script of the 12th century A. D. at the base: Kayastha Sri Sanghesa-gu (pta)… (The Scribe Sanghesa-gupta).|
|Recieved From:||Babu Asutosa Guha, B. E. and others of the Guha family of Sompada.|
|Short Description:||Syama Tara, a Buddhist goddess, sits with the right leg pendant. She has two hands. The right hand is in the varada mudra, and the left hand holds a half-blown lotus in the vitarka mudra. The right leg rests on a lotus springing from the stem of the main lotus throne on which the goddess is seated. Beneath this throne, at the base, is represented Vajrasattva sitting with legs locked, a Vajra in the right hand and a Bell in the left. On the right of the goddess is represented in miniature, the goddess Asokakanta (Marichi) with an asoka leaf in her left hand, the right hand being in the abhaya mudra. The asoka leaf, however, looks like the feather of a pea-cock and the goddess represented may in reality be Mahamayuri and not Asokakanta. To the left of the goddess sits a rather corpulent female deity (Ekajata) with a knife in the right hand and a skull-cup in the left. Miniature figures of eight Taras are seen one above the other in two rows of four—four on the right and four on the left of the goddess. They all hold lotuses with the left hands; the right hands in the abhaya mudra are placed between the breasts. All these goddesses have companions, altogether ten in number. Of the companions only the third on the right side is a female; the rest are males. The first two goddesses on the right side have respectively a lion and an elephant as vahana. A Krittimukha is represented at the top.|